Here you will find all of the work we have done on our unit covering the Properties of Solids and Liquids.  I will try to include a brief explanation of the lesson, as well as any worksheets we have used.

Remember that the lesson plans are found on the grade 2 page.


Lesson 1

What is Matter?




We started this lesson by discussing that matter is anything that takes up space and has mass.  We also discussed that different pieces of matter can be very different (a marker versus a piece of tape).  We also noted that air is matter, as it fills the room and has mass (it is heavier than helium).  The next step was to search the room to find matter with specific properties, this information was recorded on a worksheet.  Following that we completed a fill in the blanks note about matter.

Worksheet              Answers


Lesson 2






In this two period lesson we looked specifically at solids.  We started by discussing the fact that a solid is matter that has a defined shape that does not change (by itself).  We then completed a fill in the blanks note to reinforce this information.  Once our notes were complete each student was to find two solids from around the room.  The students described their solids, used magnifying glasses to observe the solids, and drew pictures of their solids.  During the second day of the lesson students continued working on their investigation.  Meanwhile, each student had the opportunity to learn how to use a scale to determine the mass of their solid.

Worksheet              Answers


Lesson 3



Today we simply continued our work from last class.  When we were done, we discussed our observations with our peers.


Lesson 4

What are Solids Like?



This was our first experiment of the year.  The experiment was designed to learn the concept that a solid stays a solid even if it breaks into pieces and that the same type of solid can come in different shapes and sizes.  We each had the opportunity to work with four solids (chalk, paper, chocolate and ice).  We examined these solids, then broke them and examined the pieces.  After clean up we completed a note about the properties of solids.

Worksheet              Answers


Lesson 5






After reviewing the concepts of matter and solids we then compared solids to liquids.  Wooden blocks were placed in one beaker and coloured water was poured into a second beaker.  The two were compared to show that a liquid will fill the bottom of a container, were as a solid will leave space.  The water was then poured into a different container to show the concept that a liquid will take the shape of whatever container it is in.  We then documented this knowledge by drawing the containers, containing both the blocks and the water, and by answering a few questions.

Worksheet              Answers


Lesson 6

What are Liquids Like? (liquid Race)



To start today's class we reviewed the properties of matter, solids and liquids (can pour, take the shape of the container).  We then looked at some mystery liquids and discussed the similarities and differences.  The last activity of the day was a "liquid race", for which we put squirts of ketchup, mustard and syrup on a tray, then lifted one end of the tray to see how the liquids would move.



Lesson 7

Work Period


We were a little behind in our work, so we used today to get caught up.  When we were all done we played "Eye Spy" but we used our matter words.


Lesson 8

Describing Matter




We started again today by reviewing the properties of matter, solids and liquids.  We then discussed our senses, and how they can help us to learn more about different matter.  A variety of objects were placed around the room.  We then used our sense of sight, hearing, touch and smell to observe these objects.  While doing so we were to think of words to describe the objects.  At the end of class we discussed the words we had come up with, and the fact that more unique words made it easier to differentiate the objects.


Lesson 9









We started today with some review of matter, solids and liquids.  Then we discussed the fact that not all matter is safe.  We learned that some matter in our homes is not even safe, but these substances normally have Hazardous Household Product Symbols on them.  We got to do a scavenger hunt to find the names of these symbols, and then we got to see a bunch of household products that can be dangerous (cleaners, paint, glue, etc).  each of us had the opportunity to look at a product, find the symbols, and learn how that product is dangerous to us.

Worksheet              Answers

Homework:  Today you were given homework.  You should have brought home your "matter at home" worksheet.  Part of this activity must be done with an adult.  (If you print the file double sided on one piece of paper it will fold into a booklet.)

Matter At Home               Homework Note


Lesson 10

Mixing Solids and Liquids





For this lesson we needed two periods.  We used our first period to look at what happens when you mix certain solids in to a liquid (sand, salt and rocks into water).  In doing this we discussed that although it looks like we are pouring the solids, in fact they are tumbling because solids can not pour.  We observed what the combined liquid and solids looked like after stirring, and after allowing them to settle.  The next step was to pour our mixture through a coffee filter and to collect what ever made it through.  We then waited over night... so that we could look at two things; the now dried coffee filter and the remains of what passed through the filter.  This allowed us to discover that sometimes a solid will mix with a liquid, and sometimes a solid and a liquid will not mix.

Worksheet               Answers


Lesson 11

Mixing Solids and Liquids that we could look at two things; the now dried coffee filter and the remains of what passed through the filter.  This allowed us to discover that sometimes a solid will mix with a liquid, and sometimes a solid and a liquid will not mix.


Lesson 12

Work Period/ Quiz Review



Today we found out that we will be having a quiz in about one week.  We used today's lesson to get caught up on some of our work that was incomplete, and to study what we have learned.  With all of our work complete we then did a matter word search.

Quiz Review               Word Search


Lesson 13

Mixing Liquids and Liquids




After learning that solids and liquids sometimes mix, but sometimes don't, it was time to see how liquids mix with each other.  We half filled two water bottles with water, then added some food colouring to one and some oil to the other.  We noted what the mixtures looked like, and then we shook them.  After waiting for 5 minutes we saw that the food colouring stayed mixed, but the oil did not.  We tried a few more liquids and came to the conclusion that some liquids mix together, but some do not.

Worksheet               Answers


Lesson 14




Today we made a toy!  We used pipe-cleaners to make bubble-wands and we experimented with different ways to make bubbles.  We learned that bubbles are made when air gets trapped by the soapy water.  We also learned that air is a gas, which is a state of matter that has no shape or size.  It spreads out to fill any container it is in.

Worksheet               Answers


Lesson 15



We used today's period to start our quiz. Meanwhile, we used the rest of our time to get caught up on any incomplete work, both in science and in other subjects.


Lesson 16






Our topic for today's lesson was floating.  We started class by looking at a variety of objects.  We talked about the similarities and differences, focusing on the size, weight and materials of each object.  We then guessed at which objects would sink and which would float, with our main thought that heavy objects sink and light objects float.  Oops, I guess we were wrong, we found out that something as light as a staple sinks, but a much heavier object, like a mug, can actually float.  At the end of class we talked about a competition we will hold next class.  Each of us will be given a piece of aluminum foil (which we learned can float or sink) and we will build a boat to carry pennies.  We used the rest of class to plan out our design, and also we continued to take our quiz during this work time.


Lesson 17

Penny Boat Competition


To start class today we were given a 30 cm piece of aluminum foil.  Our task was to build a boat that could stay a float while holding pennies inside.  After building our boats we put them in water.  We then added pennies, one at a time, until our boats sank.


Lesson 18

States of Water /Changing State






When we arrived in class we saw three beakers.  One beaker was filled with ice, one beaker was filled with water and one beaker was empty, but had a kettle sitting behind it.  The kettle was turned on, and shortly we noticed that there was steam rising from it.  We looked at the ice, water and steam, and discussed some similarities and differences.  We talked about the fact that one was solid, one was liquid and one was gas.  We also learned that these three things are referred to as "the states of matter".  We also discussed that although they are different, all three are the same in that they are all H2O (water).  We talked about the fact that they can be converted from one to another by adding or taking away heat.  To demonstrate this, we ended our class today by having a melt race.  We took a zip-lock bag and put an ice cube in it.  We then raced to see who could melt their ice the quickest.


Lesson 19

Making Different Matter





Today's class began with a review of the three states of matter, and the fact that they can be changed with heat.  We were then given some supplies and got to do a small experiment.  We were given some vinegar, which we poured into an empty 2L pop bottle.  We were also given a balloon, which had been filled with baking soda.  We attached the balloon to the top of the pop bottle, then tipped it up to empty the baking soda into the vinegar.  Then the balloon filled with gas!  From this we learned that matter can change from one state to another, and it can also create a different type of matter.  In this case a solid and a liquid were combined to form a gas.  We started working on a change of state worksheet to fill the remaining time in today's period.

Worksheet               Answers


Lesson 20

States of Matter





We started today by reviewing our last few lessons (there are three states of matter, matter can change from one state to another by adding or taking away heat, and when you combine matter different matter can be created).  We then got into some very advanced science and discussed particles.  We learned that everything is made up of tiny pieces called particles.  If the particles are really close together and do not move then they make a solid.  If they are spread out and move around then they make a liquid.  If they are really far apart and move a lot then they make a gas.  We then wrote this down on our worksheet.

Worksheet               Answers


Lesson 21

Magic Mud





Well, Mr. C either really trusts us, or is completely crazy (class vote was leaning towards the latter).  Today we were given two cups, one with a solid (corn starch) and one with a liquid (water).  We were then told to combine the two to see what happens.  When mixed the two types of matter combined into "Magic Mud", which is looks like a liquid, but when squeezed it gets hard (the mixture is actually a suspension, so it is a solid contained within a liquid).  We used the half the period to play with our magic mud, and the other half to try to clean the mess it made!  The best part is that we get to bring it home ;)

Instructions (was typed for intermediate students)


Lesson 22







For our last matter experiment we learned about absorption.  We first learned that "absorb" means that something will take a liquid inside of it (actually inside the material, not just hold it like a bowl) and that "repel" means that it will not.  We then tested a variety of objects to see if they absorb or repel water.  We tested everything from aluminum foil to a smelly gym sock (don't worry it was actually clean).

Worksheet               Answers

At the end of class today we were told that we will be writing a test next week.  We were given a review sheet with all of the things that we have learned about matter.



Lesson 23

Mixing Matter





Today we were asked one question to start class:  "How do we use mixing matter in real life?"  After discussing our thoughts, we were shown a variety of things and asked what they were, as well as what state of matter they were.  After looking at all the items (flour, baking soda, salt, butter, sugar, brown sugar, eggs, vanilla and chocolate chips) a few of us started to figure out where this lesson was heading.  Sure enough, next up was a recipe.  We worked together to combine the ingredients, discussing how matter is mixed, and then put our cookie dough in the oven.  Later in the day we had a highly anticipated delivery from Mr. C.



Lesson 24






We used today's class to review all of our work from this unit.  We did this in a series of games.  The first game was a true/false game. This game involved a "T" and an "F" being taped to the wall, then we were given a statement and had to move to the "T" if we thought it was correct, or the "F" if we thought it was wrong.  Following that we worked together to complete a chart that showed what we know about the three states of matter.  We were given a topic, and were then to fill in information about that topic as it pertains to each of the three states of matter.  The last activity was to work in groups to answer a series of questions.

Practise Questions


Lesson 25

Unit Test


Today we will show that we are matter experts.  We used today's period to start writing our end of unit test.  Each of the questions was read out loud to us, and we were given any written support we needed.  We ended a little early today and saved some of our test for next class.


Lesson 26

Unit Test


Today we finished up our matter test and then discussed our next unit, "Air and Water in the Environment."


This concludes our unit on Matter.  Our next unit is Air and Water in the Environment.